Archive for January 21, 2014

Listeria monocytogenes-associated joint and bone infections: a study of 43 consecutive cases.

Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Jan 15;54(2):240-8.

Charlier C, Leclercq A, Cazenave B, Desplaces N, Travier L, Cantinelli T, Lortholary O, Goulet V, Le Monnier A, Lecuit M; L monocytogenes Joint and Bone Infections Study Group.

Collaborators (93)

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Little is known about Listeria monocytogenes-associated bone and joint infections. Only case reports of this infection have been published.

METHODS:

Retrospective study of culture-proven bone and joint cases reported to the French National Reference Center for Listeria from 1992 to 2010.

RESULTS:

Forty-three patients were studied: 61% were men, and the median age was 72 (range, 16-89); 24 patients exhibited comorbidities (56%). Thirty-six patients (84%) had orthopedic implant devices: prosthetic joints (n = 34) or internal fixation (n = 2); the median time after insertion was 9 years (0.1-22). Subacute infection was more frequent (median, 4 weeks [range, 2-100], 74%) than acute infection (<7 days, 23%), with nonspecific clinical features; 45% of patients had no fever. Blood cultures were positive in 3 of 19 cases. Isolate polymerase chain reaction genogrouping revealed 4 patterns: IVb (21 of 42, 50%), IIa (17 of 42, 40%), IIb (2 of 42, 5%), and IIc (2 of 42, 5%). Five groups of strains with similar pulsotype patterns were identified without an epidemiological link. Antibiotics, primarily amoxicillin (80%) with aminoglycosides (48%), were prescribed for a median duration of 15 weeks (range, 2-88). Eighteen patients (50%) underwent prosthesis replacement; all were successful after median follow-up of 10 months (range, 1-75). Five of 13 patients for whom material was not removed had protracted infection despite prolonged antibiotherapy; 3 of these patients later underwent prosthesis replacement with sustained recovery.

CONCLUSIONS:

Osteoarticular listeriosis primarily involves prosthetic joints and occurs in immunocompromised patients. It requires intensive treatment with antibiotherapy and usually requires implant removal or replacement for cure.

PDF

http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/content/54/2/240.full.pdf+html

 

January 21, 2014 at 1:56 pm

Adult pneumococcal cellulitis – Case report and review.

Clin Infect Dis. 1999 Apr;28(4):918.

Parada JP, Maslow JN.

PDF

http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/content/28/4/918.long

January 21, 2014 at 1:54 pm

Abscess cellulitis by Streptococcus pneumoniae.

Rev Esp Quimioter. 2010 Dec;23(4):213-4.

Article in Spanish

Salvo S, Durán E, Borrás M, Navarro M, Gil J, Rubio C.

PDF

http://seq.es/seq/0214-3429/23/4/salvo.pdf

January 21, 2014 at 1:52 pm

Increase in prevalence of Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 6C at Eight Children’s Hospitals in the United States from 1993 to 2009.

J Clin Microbiol. 2011 Jun;49(6):2097-101.

Green MC, Mason EO, Kaplan SL, Lamberth LB, Stovall SH, Givner LB, Bradley JS, Tan TQ, Barson WJ, Hoffman JA, Lin PL, Hulten KG.

Abstract

Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 6C, which was described in 2007, causes invasive disease in adults and children.

We investigated the prevalence of 6C among pediatric isolates obtained from eight children’s hospitals in the United States.

S. pneumoniae isolates were identified from a prospective multicenter study (1993 to 2009). Fifty-seven serotype 6C isolates were identified by multiplex PCR and/or Quellung reaction. Five were isolated before 2000, and the prevalence increased over time (P < 0.000001).

The median patient age was 2.1 years (range, 0.2 to 22.5 years).

Clinical presentations included bacteremia (n = 24), meningitis (n = 7), pneumonia (n = 4), abscess/wound (n = 3), mastoiditis (n = 2), cellulitis (n = 2), peritonitis (n = 1), septic arthritis (n = 1), otitis media (n = 10), and sinusitis (n = 3).

By broth microdilution, 43/44 invasive serotype 6C isolates were susceptible to penicillin (median MIC, 0.015 μg/ml; range, 0.008 to 2 μg/ml); all were susceptible to ceftriaxone (median MIC, 0.015 μg/ml; range, 0.008 to 1 μg/ml). By disk diffusion, 16/44 invasive isolates (36%) were nonsusceptible to erythromycin, 19 isolates (43%) were nonsusceptible to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX), and all isolates were clindamycin susceptible.

Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) revealed 24 sequence types (STs); 9 were new to the MLST database. The two main clonal clusters (CCs) were ST473 and single-locus variants (SLVs) (n = 13) and ST1292 and SLVs (n = 23). ST1292 and SLVs had decreased antibiotic susceptibility. Serotype 6C causes disease in children in the United States.

Emerging CC1292 expressed TMP-SMX resistance and decreased susceptibility to penicillin and ceftriaxone. Continued surveillance is needed to monitor changes in serotype prevalence and possible emergence of antibiotic resistance in pediatric pneumococcal disease.

PDF

http://jcm.asm.org/content/49/6/2097.full.pdf+html

January 21, 2014 at 1:51 pm

Presentation and management of pediatric orbital cellulitis.

Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol. 2011 Fall;22(3):97-100.

Fanella S, Singer A, Embree J.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Orbital cellulitis is a serious, vision-threatening infection.

OBJECTIVE:

To review the epidemiology and clinical data of pediatric orbital cellulitis in Manitoba.

METHODS:

A 12-year retrospective review was conducted of all children (younger than 18 years of age) with orbital cellulitis admitted to Manitoba’s only tertiary pediatric centre. Admission rates for orbital cellulitis were compared over three distinct time periods, based on licensure and funding levels of the heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) in Manitoba.

RESULTS:

Thirty-eight patients with orbital cellulitis were identified. Of these, 11% were of Aboriginal ethnicity in contrast with 30% to 40% of children who were admitted for other respiratory illnesses. Subperiosteal abscesses occurred in 31.5%. Only eight patients (21%) required surgery. Follow-up imaging after presentation usually did not indicate a need for subsequent surgical drainage. The mean number of orbital cellulitis cases per 1000 admissions for the following periods – before PCV7 licensure, after licensure and before full provincial funding, and after licensure and full funding – were 0.39, 0.53 and 0.90, respectively. No significant difference was noted among any of the periods as PCV7 coverage increased.

CONCLUSIONS:

The rate of subperiosteal abscesses was lower than other reports. This may be due to the median age at presentation. In contrast to admissions for most other respiratory infections at the Winnipeg Children’s Hospital (Winnipeg, Manitoba), Aboriginal ethnicity was uncommon. Surprisingly, rates of admissions for orbital cellulitis appeared to show an increasing trend with increasing access to PCV7 in Manitoba, although overall the number of cases was very small. Studies into the changing microbiology of orbital cellulitis and sinusitis are warranted.

PDF

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3200372/pdf/idmm22097.pdf

January 21, 2014 at 1:48 pm

Pneumococcal sepsis, peritonitis, and cellulitis at the first episode of nephrotic syndrome.

Iran J Kidney Dis. 2013 Sep;7(5):404-6.

Naseri M.

Abstract

Bacterial infections are common in patients with nephrotic syndrome, including peritonitis, sepsis, meningitis, urinary tract infection, and cellulitis.

An 8-year-old boy presented with colicky abdominal pain, vomiting, swollen and painful erythematous lesions around the umbilicus and in anterior surface of left thigh (cellulitis), mild generalized edema, and ascites.

The microorganism isolated from peritoneal fluid and blood cultures was Pneumococcus. Association of pneumococcal sepsis, peritonitis, and cellulitis has been rarely reported in nephrotic syndrome.

PDF

http://www.ijkd.org/index.php/ijkd/article/view/998/583

January 21, 2014 at 1:46 pm


Calendar

January 2014
M T W T F S S
 12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
2728293031  

Posts by Month

Posts by Category