Infectious prosthetic hip joint loosening: bacterial species involved in its aetiology and their antibiotic resistance profiles against antibiotics recommended for the therapy of implant-associated infections.
New Microbiol. 2014 Apr;37(2):209-18.
Bogut A1, Niedźwiadek J, Strzelec-Nowak D, Blacha J, Mazurkiewicz T, Marczyński W, Kozioł-Montewka M.
1Department of Medical Microbiology, Medical University of Lublin, Poland.
Reliable microbiological diagnosis along with surgery and prolonged antibiotic therapy are key elements in the management of prosthetic-joint infections (PJIs).
The purpose of this study was to characterize antibiotic resistance profiles of bacteria involved in the aetiology of PJIs.
A total of 33 bacterial isolates cultured from 31 patients undergoing exchange of total hip prostheses were analyzed.
The diagnostic approach toward isolation of prosthesis- associated microorganisms included sonication of retrieved implants and conventional cultures of periprosthetic tissues and synovial fluid.
The in vitro resistance profiles of bacterial isolates were determined in relation to antibiotics recommended for the therapy of PJIs using the disc diffusion method, E-tests(®) and broth microdilution system.
Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) were predominant microorganisms followed by Staphylococcus aureus, Enterobacter cloacae, Streptococcus mitis, and Propionibacterium acnes.
Twenty out of 30 and 12 out of 30 staphylococcal isolates were methicillin- and multi-drug resistant, respectively. Only two isolates were rifampicinresistant. All staphylococci were susceptible to glycopeptides and linezolid.
This paper stresses the pathogenic role of staphylococci in patients suffering from implant loosening and reports high methicillin- and multidrug-resistance rates in these bacteria.
Hence, antimicrobial susceptibility tests of individual bacterial isolates must always be performed to guide selection of the optimal therapeutic option.
2014-04 Infectious prosthetic hip joint loosening
Entry filed under: Antimicrobianos, Bacterias, Biología Molecular, Epidemiología, F.O.D, FIEBRE en el POSTOPERATORIO, Health Care-Associated Infections, Infecciones nosocomiales, Infecciones osteo-articulares-musculares, Infecciones relacionadas a prótesis, Infecciones sitio quirurgico, Metodos diagnosticos, Resistencia bacteriana, Sepsis.