Treatment of complicated skin and soft-tissue infections caused by resistant bacteria: value of linezolid, tigecycline, daptomycin and vancomycin.
Eur J Med Res. 2010 Nov 30;15(12):554-63.
Eckmann C1, Dryden M.
1Klinikum Peine gGmbH, Academic Hospital of Medical University Hannover, Virchowstrasse 8h, 31226 Peine, Germany. firstname.lastname@example.org
Antibiotic-resistant organisms causing both hospital- and community-acquired complicated skin and soft-tissue infections (cSSTI) are increasingly reported.
A substantial medical and economical burden associated with MRSA colonisation or infection has been documented. The number of currently available appropriate antimicrobial agents is limited.
Good quality randomised, controlled clinical trial data on antibiotic efficacy and safety is available for cSSTI caused by MRSA. Linezolid, tigecycline, daptomycin and vancomycin showed efficacy and safety in MRSA-caused cSSTI.
None of these drugs showed significant superiority in terms of clinical cure and eradication rates.
To date, linezolid offers by far the greatest number of patients included in controlled trials with a strong tendency of superiority over vancomycin in terms of eradication and clinical success.
Tigecycline is an alternative in polymicrobial infections except by diabetic foot infections.
Daptomycin might be a treatment option for cases of cSSTI with MRSA bacteremia. cSSTI caused by resistant Gram-negative bacteria are a matter of great concern.
The development of new antibiotics in this area is an urgent priority to avoid the risk of a postantibiotic era with no antimicrobial treatment options. An individual approach for every single patient is mandatory to evaluate the optimal antimicrobial treatment regimen.