Antimicrobial stewardship programme (AMSP) practices in India.
Indian J Med Res. 2015 Aug;142(2):130-8.
Walia K1, Ohri VC, Mathai D; Antimicrobial Stewardship Programme of ICMR.
1Division of Epidemiology & Communicable Diseases, Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi, India.
A survey was conducted to ascertain practice of antimicrobial stewardship programme (AMSP) in India for 2013.
A total of 20 health care institutions (HCI) responded to a detailed questionnaire. All the institutions contacted were tertiary care HCI, of which 12 were funded by government (GHCI) and 8 were corporate/private HCI (PHCI).
Further, all catered to both rural and urban populations and were spread across the country. Written documents were available with 40 per cent for AMSP, 75 per cent for hospital infection control (HIC) and HIC guidelines and 65 per cent for antimicrobial agents (AMA) prescription guidelines. Records were maintained for health care associated infections (HCAI) by 60 per cent HCI.
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) data were being analysed by 80 per cent HCI. AMA usage data were analysed by only 25 per cent HCI and AMA prescription audit and feedback by 30 per cent. PHCI performed better than GHCI across all fields of AMSP.
The main contributory factor was possibly the much higher level of accreditation of PHCI hospitals and their diagnostic laboratories.
The absence of infectious diseases physicians and clinical pharmacists is worrying and demands careful attention.