Archive for September 27, 2015

Fever of unknown origin in returning travellers.

Int Marit Health. 2015;66(2):77-83.

Korzeniewski K1, Gaweł B, Krankowska D, Wasilczuk K.

Author information

1Department of Epidemiology and Tropical Medicine in Gdynia, Military Institute of Medicine, Warsaw, Poland.


The aim of the article is to discuss issues associated with the occurrence of febrile illnesses in leisure and business travellers, with a particular emphasis on fevers of unknown origin (FUO).

FUO, apart from diarrhoeas, respiratory tract infections and skin lesions, are one of the most common health problems in travellers to tropical and subtropical countries.

FUO are manifestations of various diseases, typically of infectious or invasive aetiology.

In one out of 3 cases, the cause of a fever in travellers returning from the hot climate zone is malaria, and therefore diagnostic tests should first aim at ruling out this specific disease entity.

Other illnesses with persistent fever include dengue, enteric fever, viral hepatitis A, bacterial diarrhoeas and rickettsioses.

Fever may also occur in travellers suffering from diseases of non-tropical origin, e.g. cosmopolitan respiratory tract or urinary tract infections, also, fever may coexist with other illnesses or injuries (skin rashes, bites, burns).



September 27, 2015 at 4:36 pm

Cutaneous manifestations of human immunodeficiency virus – A clinical update.

Curr Infect Dis Rep. 2015 Mar;17(3):464.

Altman K1, Vanness E, Westergaard RP.

Author information

1Department of Dermatology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine & Public Health, Madison, WI, USA.


Dermatologic diseases are common in the HIV-infected population. Many of the cutaneous diseases are not unique to this group, but the presentation can be more severe.

Although the introduction of antiretroviral therapy has been followed by a decline in many of the skin diseases associated with HIV, drug reactions and other non-infectious skin conditions have increased.

This article reviews the current spectrum of HIV-associated skin conditions, focusing on common complaints, infections, drug-associated toxicity and malignancies.


September 27, 2015 at 4:33 pm

Dermatologic manifestations associated with HIV/AIDS.

Rev Chilena Infectol. 2015 Feb;32 Suppl 1:S57-71.

[Article in Spanish]

Navarrete-Dechent C, Ortega R, Fich F, Concha M.


The ongoing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection epidemic coupled with more efficacious and available treatments has led to a larger number of patients living with HIV or AIDS.

As a result, skin manifestations related to HIV/AIDS or its therapy have become increasingly more common and are reported to occur in as many as 95% of patients.

Herein, we review the most common HIV/AIDS related cutaneous pathologies and classify them into inflammatory, HAART-associated, neoplastic, and infectious manifestations.

Cutaneous manifestations should be promptly recognized and treated by physicians and health care personnel in order to provide optimal care.


September 27, 2015 at 4:32 pm

Cutaneous manifestations of HIV.

Gac Med Mex. 2014 Dec;150 Suppl 2:194-221.

Article in Spanish

Garza-Garza R1, González-González SE1, Ocampo-Candiani J1.

Author information

1Servicio de Dermatología, Hospital Universitario «Dr. José Eleuterio González», Monterrey, N.L.


The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus member of the Retroviridae family, the clinical spectrum of which includes: primary infection, clinically asymptomatic stage, early symptomatic infection, and advanced immunodeficiency.

The latter can present with complications associated to opportunistic infections, malignancies, and/or neurological diseases. The cutaneous manifestations of HIV are extremely common and include those related with early HIV infection and other infectious diseases (bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic) and noninfectious etiologies.

These manifestations may be the first signs of immunosuppression and can lead to the HIV diagnosis. The higher frequency of skin diseases occurs when the CD4 count is less than 250 cells/mm3.

The knowledge of these defining cutaneous conditions in patients infected with HIV is essential for an early diagnosis of infection, for establishing an early antiretroviral treatment, and improving the prognosis of these patients.


September 27, 2015 at 4:30 pm


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