Are novel non-invasive imaging techniques needed in patients with suspected prosthetic heart valve endocarditis?
Eur Radiol. 2015 Jul;25(7):2125-33.
A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Habets J1, Tanis W, Reitsma JB, van den Brink RB, Mali WP, Chamuleau SA, Budde RP.
1Department of Radiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3508 GA, Utrecht, The Netherlands, J.Habets@umcutrecht.nl
Multimodal non-invasive imaging plays a key role in establishing a diagnosis of PHV endocarditis. The objective of this study was to provide a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis of the diagnostic accuracy of TTE, TEE, and MDCT in patients with (suspected) PHV endocarditis.
Studies published between 1985 and 2013 were identified via search and cross-reference of PubMed/Embase databases. Studies were included if (1) they reported on the non-invasive index tests TTE, TEE, or MDCT; (2) data was provided on PHV endocarditis as the condition of interest; and (3) imaging results were verified against either surgical inspection/autopsy or clinical follow-up reference standards, thereby enabling the extraction of 2-by-2 tables.
Twenty articles (including 496 patients) met the inclusion criteria for PHV endocarditis. TTE, TEE, and MDCT + TEE had a pooled sensitivity/specificity for vegetations of 29/100%; 82/95%, and 88/94%, respectively. The pooled sensitivity/specificity of TTE, TEE, and MDCT + TEE for periannular complications was 36/93%, 86/98%, and 100/94%, respectively.
TEE showed good sensitivity and specificity for establishing a diagnosis of PHV endocarditis. Although MDCT data are limited, this review showed that MDCT in addition to TEE may improve sensitivity in detecting life-threatening periannular complications.