Nosocomial transmission of avian influenza virus A (H7N9)

November 20, 2015 at 8:25 am

British Medical Journal NOV.15, 2015

Editorials

Marianne A B van der Sande, head of centre for epidemiology and surveillance of infectious diseases12, Wim van der Hoek, head of department for respiratory infections1

1Centre for Infectious Disease Control, RIVM, Bilthoven, Netherlands

2Julius Centre for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands

Since the first notification in March 2013 through to 15 October 2015, a total of 679 laboratory confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A (H7N9) viruses, including 275 (40%) deaths, have been reported to the World Health Organization.

These individuals have presumably contracted their infection in China directly from infected birds or their environment, particularly when visiting live poultry markets. Limited human to human transmission has been suspected in a few clusters of cases of family members.

In a linked article, Fang and colleagues report on a presumed case of nosocomial, human to human, transmission of influenza A (H7N9) between unrelated individuals.

Both patients, showing symptoms, spent time in the same hospital room, were infected with comparable strains, and—because no other common exposure was identified—the authors concluded that nosocomial infection was the most likely route of transmission….

abstract

http://www.bmj.com/content/351/bmj.h5980

PDF

http://www.bmj.com/content/bmj/351/bmj.h5980.full.pdf

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Entry filed under: Antivirales no HIV, Biología Molecular, Epidemiología, Health Care-Associated Infections, Infecciones nosocomiales, Infecciones respiratorias, Influenza, Medicina del viajero, Metodos diagnosticos, REPORTS, Sepsis, Update.

Clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and management of group A streptococcal pharyngitis: 2012 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Cloxacillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus with high MIC to glycopeptides. Ever we use cloxacillin?


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