Nosocomial infections associated to invasive devices in the intensive care units of a national hospital of Lima, Peru.
Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica. 2013 Oct-Dec;30(4):616-20.
[Article in Spanish]
Chincha O, Cornelio E, Valverde V, Acevedo M.
In order to describe the incidence of nosocomial infections associated to invasive devices in intensive care units (UCI) of the National Hospital Cayetano Heredia, a retrospective observational study was conducted using the data from the Office of Epidemiology and Environmental Health from 2010 to 2012.
A total number of 222 nosocomial infections were reported; the general medicine UCI reported the highest incidence of pneumonia cases associated to a mechanical ventilator in 1000 days of use of the device (28.6); infection of the blood stream associated to central venous catheter (11.9), and infection of the urinary tract associated to a catheter (8,1).
The main infectious agents isolated were Pseudomonas sp. (32.3%) in the emergency UCI, negative Staphylococcus coagulasa (36%) in the general medicine UCI and Candida sp (69.2%) in the Surgery UCI.
The rates of infections associated to invasive devices were high as in other national hospitals with limited resources and infrastructure.
Entry filed under: Antimicrobianos, Bacterias, Bacteriemias, Epidemiología, FIEBRE en el POSTOPERATORIO, Health Care-Associated Infections, Infecciones asociadas a catater IV, Infecciones nosocomiales, Infecciones respiratorias, Infecciones urinarias, Metodos diagnosticos, REPORTS, Resistencia bacteriana, Sepsis.