Limited Dissemination of Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamase– and Plasmid-Encoded AmpC–Producing Escherichia coli from Food and Farm Animals, Sweden
Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal APRIL 2016 V.22 N.4
Stefan Börjesson1Comments to Author , Sofia Ny1, Maria Egervärn, Jakob Bergström, Åsa Rosengren, Stina Englund, Sonja Löfmark, and Sara Byfors
Author affiliations: National Veterinary Institute, Uppsala, Sweden (S. Börjesson, S. Englund); Public Health Agency of Sweden,; Stockholm, Sweden (S. Ny, J. Bergström, S. Löfmark, S. Byfors); National Food Agency, Uppsala (M. Egervärn, Å. Rosengren)
Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)– and plasmid-encoded ampC (pAmpC)–producing Enterobacteriaceae might spread from farm animals to humans through food. However, most studies have been limited in number of isolates tested and areas studied.
We examined genetic relatedness of 716 isolates from 4,854 samples collected from humans, farm animals, and foods in Sweden to determine whether foods and farm animals might act as reservoirs and dissemination routes for ESBL/pAmpC-producing Escherichia coli.
Results showed that clonal spread to humans appears unlikely. However, we found limited dissemination of genes encoding ESBL/pAmpC and plasmids carrying these genes from foods and farm animals to healthy humans and patients.
Poultry and chicken meat might be a reservoir and dissemination route to humans.
Although we found no evidence of clonal spread of ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli from farm animals or foods to humans, ESBL/pAmpC-producing E. coli with identical genes and plasmids were present in farm animals, foods, and humans.