Update on Tick-Borne Rickettsioses around the World: a Geographic Approach

August 24, 2016 at 8:33 am

Clin. Microbiol. Rev. October 2013 26(4): 657-702

Philippe Parola, Christopher D. Paddock, Cristina Socolovschi, Marcelo B. Labruna, Oleg Mediannikov, Tahar Kernif, Mohammad Yazid Abdad, John Stenos, Idir Bitam, Pierre-Edouard Fournier, and Didier Raoult

Aix Marseille Université, Unité de Recherche en Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales Emergentes (URMITE), UM63, CNRS 7278, IRD 198, Inserm 1095, WHO Collaborative Center for Rickettsioses and Other Arthropod-Borne Bacterial Diseases, Faculté de Médecine, Marseille, Francea

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USAb

Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia Universidade de São Paulo, Cidade Universitária, São Paulo, SP, Brazilc

Service d’Ecologie des Systèmes Vectoriels, Institut Pasteur d’Algérie, Algiers, Algeriad

Division of Veterinary and Biomedical Science, Murdoch University, Australian Rickettsial Reference Laboratory, Barwon Health, Geelong, Victoria, Australiae

University of Boumerdes, Boumerdes, Algeriaf

Tick-borne rickettsioses are caused by obligate intracellular bacteria belonging to the spotted fever group of the genus Rickettsia. These zoonoses are among the oldest known vector-borne diseases. However, in the past 25 years, the scope and importance of the recognized tick-associated rickettsial pathogens have increased dramatically, making this complex of diseases an ideal paradigm for the understanding of emerging and reemerging infections. Several species of tick-borne rickettsiae that were considered nonpathogenic for decades are now associated with human infections, and novel Rickettsia species of undetermined pathogenicity continue to be detected in or isolated from ticks around the world. This remarkable expansion of information has been driven largely by the use of molecular techniques that have facilitated the identification of novel and previously recognized rickettsiae in ticks. New approaches, such as swabbing of eschars to obtain material to be tested by PCR, have emerged in recent years and have played a role in describing emerging tick-borne rickettsioses. Here, we present the current knowledge on tick-borne rickettsiae and rickettsioses using a geographic approach toward the epidemiology of these diseases.





Page 672, column 1, line 33: “DQ34462” should read “DQ344620.”


Page 672, column 1, line 39: “EF68975.1” should read “EF689735.”


Page 672, column 2, line 10: “AY63102” should read “AY763102.”




Entry filed under: Bacterias, Bacteriemias, Biología Molecular, Epidemiología, F.O.D, Medicina del viajero, Metodos diagnosticos, Rickettsias, Sepsis, Update, Zoonosis.

Executive Summary: Management of Adults With Hospital-acquired and Ventilator-associated Pneumonia: 2016 Clinical Practice Guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the American Thoracic Society Comparison of outcomes in patients with methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) bacteremia who are treated with β-lactam vs vancomycin empiric therapy: a retrospective cohort study.


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