Distribution of Fatal Vibrio Vulnificus Necrotizing Skin and Soft-Tissue Infections: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

August 18, 2017 at 3:51 pm

Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Feb;95(5):e2627.

Huang KC1, Weng HH, Yang TY, Chang TS, Huang TW, Lee MS.

Author information

1 From the College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan (K-CH, H-HW, T-SC, T-WH, MSL); Department of Orthopaedic Surgery (K-CH, T-YY, T-WH); Department of Diagnostic Radiology (H-HW); Department of Gastroenterology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chaiyi (T-SC); and Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan (MSL).

Abstract

Vibrio vulnificus necrotizing skin and soft tissue infections (VNSSTIs), which have increased significantly over the past few decades, are still highly lethal and disabling diseases despite advancing antibiotic and infection control practices. We, therefore, examined the spatiotemporal distribution of worldwide reported episodes and associated mortality rates of VNSSTIs between 1966 and 2014. The PubMed and Cochrane Library databases were systematically searched for observational studies on patients with VNSSTIs. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. We did random-effects meta-analysis to obtain estimates for primary outcomes; the estimates are presented as means plus a 95% confidence interval (CI). Data from the selected studies were also extracted and pooled for correlation analyses.Nineteen studies of 2227 total patients with VNSSTIs were analyzed. More than 95% of the episodes occurred in the subtropical western Pacific and Atlantic coastal regions of the northern hemisphere. While the number of cases and the number of deaths were not correlated with the study period (rs = 0.476 and 0.310, P = 0.233 and 0.456, respectively), the 5-year mortality rate was significantly negatively correlated with them (rs = -0.905, P = 0.002). Even so, the pooled estimate of total mortality rates from the random-effects meta-analysis was as high as 37.2% (95% CI: 0.265-0.479).These data suggest that VNSSTIs are always an important public health problem and will become more critical and urgent because of global warming. Knowing the current distribution of VNSSTIs will help focus education, policy measures, early clinical diagnosis, and appropriate medical and surgical treatment for them.

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https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4748892/pdf/medi-95-e2627.pdf

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Entry filed under: Antimicrobianos, Bacterias, Bacteriemias, Infecciones en piel y tej blandos, Meta-Análisis, Metodos diagnosticos, REPORTS, REVIEWS, Sepsis, Update.

Clinical features and treatment of patients with Vibrio vulnificus infection Prospective multicenter study of community-associated skin and skin structure infections due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Buenos Aires, Argentina.


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