Impact of Rapid Susceptibility Testing and Antibiotic Selection Strategy on the Emergence and Spread of Antibiotic Resistance in Gonorrhea

January 31, 2018 at 11:18 pm

The Journal of Infectious Diseases November 27, 2017 V.216 N.9  P.1141–1149  

Ashleigh R Tuite; Thomas L Gift; Harrell W Chesson; Katherine Hsu; Joshua A Salomon …

Background

Increasing antibiotic resistance limits treatment options for gonorrhea. We examined the impact of a hypothetical point-of-care (POC) test reporting antibiotic susceptibility profiles on slowing resistance spread.

Methods

A mathematical model describing gonorrhea transmission incorporated resistance emergence probabilities and fitness costs associated with resistance based on characteristics of ciprofloxacin (A), azithromycin (B), and ceftriaxone (C). We evaluated time to 1% and 5% prevalence of resistant strains among all isolates with the following: (1) empiric treatment (B and C), and treatment guided by POC tests determining susceptibility to (2) A only and (3) all 3 antibiotics.

Results

Continued empiric treatment without POC testing was projected to result in >5% of isolates being resistant to both B and C within 15 years. Use of either POC test in 10% of identified cases delayed this by 5 years. The 3 antibiotic POC test delayed the time to reach 1% prevalence of triply-resistant strains by 6 years, whereas the A-only test resulted in no delay. Results were less sensitive to assumptions about fitness costs and test characteristics with increasing test uptake.

Conclusions

Rapid diagnostics reporting antibiotic susceptibility may extend the usefulness of existing antibiotics for gonorrhea treatment, but ongoing monitoring of resistance patterns will be critical.

abstract

https://academic.oup.com/jid/article/216/9/1141/4100269

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Entry filed under: Antimicrobianos, Bacterias, Bacteriemias, Epidemiología, Infecciones de transmision sexual, Metodos diagnosticos, REPORTS, Resistencia bacteriana, Sepsis, Update.

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