Archive for September 23, 2019

Control and Elimination of Extensively Drug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumanii in an Intensive Care Unit

Emerging Infectious Diseases October 2019 V.25 N.10

We decreased antimicrobial drug consumption in an intensive care unit in Lebanon by changing to colistin monotherapy for extensively drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumanii infections. We saw a 78% decrease of A. baumanii in sputum and near-elimination of blaoxa-23-carrying sequence type 2 clone over the 1-year study. Non–A. baumanii multidrug-resistant infections remained stable.

FULL TEXT

https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/10/18-1626_article?deliveryName=DM9244

PDF (CLIC en DOWNLOADS / ARTICLE)

September 23, 2019 at 10:00 am

Risk Factors for Carbapenem-Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Zhejiang Province, China

Emerging Infectious Diseases October 2019 V.25 N.10

Carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPA) is a public health concern worldwide, but comprehensive analysis of risk factors for CRPA remains limited in China.

We conducted a retrospective observational study of carbapenem resistance in 71,880 P. aeruginosa isolates collected in Zhejiang Province during 2015–2017.

We analyzed risk factors for CRPA, including the type of clinical specimen; the year, season, and region in which it was collected; patient information, including age, whether they were an outpatient or inpatient, and whether inpatients were in the intensive care unit or general ward; and the level of hospital submitting isolates.

We found CRPA was more prevalent among isolates from patients >60 years of age and in inpatients, especially in intensive care units. In addition, specimen types and seasons in which they were collected were associated with higher rates of CRPA.

Our findings can help hospitals reduce the spread of P. aeruginosa and optimize antimicrobial drug use.

FULL TEXT

https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/25/10/18-1699_article?deliveryName=DM9244

PDF (CLIC en DOWNLOADS / ARTICLE)

September 23, 2019 at 9:59 am


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