Posts filed under ‘Abscesos hepaticos’

Distribution of common pathogens in patients with pyogenic liver abscess in China: a meta-analysis

European J of Clinical Microb & Infec Diseases OCT 2016 V.35 N.10 P.1557–1565

Review

Luo, X.-X. Yang, B. Tan, X.-P. Zhou

Pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) is a potentially life-threatening disease in many parts of the world, especially in Asia. The aim of this study was to quantify the proportion of common pathogens in patients with PLA in China, using a meta-analysis method based on systematic review of published studies. Several electronic databases were searched to identify the studies reporting the pathogens of PLA. We performed a meta-analysis to calculate the pooled proportion of pathogens and subgroup analysis among the included studies using R 3.1.1 software. In total, 183 studies were included in our final analysis, Klebsiella spp (54 %), Escherichia spp (29 %), Enterobacter spp (9 %), Proteus spp (6 %) and Pseudomonas spp (5 %) comprised the major gram-negative bacteria. Gram-positive bacteria mainly included Staphylococcus spp (13 %), Streptococcus spp (8 %) and Enterococcus spp (7 %). The distribution of pathogens in PLA patients were different in different economic regions in China. The proportion of Klebsiella spp had an upward tendency in recent years compared to other pathogens. In addition, the proportion of common pathogens in PLA patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) were carried out indicating that the dominant pathogens were Klebsiella spp (66 %), Escherichia spp (21 %) and Enterobacter spp (11 %). This meta-analysis showed that the main pathogens of PLA were Klebsiella spp, Escherichia spp, Staphylococcus spp, and Enterobacter spp in China. To ensure a precise estimate of the epidemiology of the pathogens, further large-scale or even a population-based study is needed.

FULL TEXT

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10096-016-2712-y

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October 2, 2016 at 9:44 am

Streptococcus anginosus pyogenic liver abscess following a screening colonoscopy.

Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol. 2013 Summer;24(2):e45-6.

Bonenfant F1, Rousseau E1, Farand P1.

Author information

1Internal medicine division, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec.

Abstractin English, French

A previously healthy 58-year-old man presented with a septic thrombosis of the right hepatic vein and a pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) one week after undergoing a screening colonoscopy. Blood cultures and a radiological drainage specimen were both positive for Streptococcus anginosus. Evolution was favourable after six weeks of antibiotherapy. To the authors’ knowledge, the present report is the first to describe a PLA following a screening colonoscopy with no intervention. The authors hypothesize that silent microperforations during colonoscopy contributed to the infection. Although 20% to 40% of reported PLA cases are cryptogenic in the literature, it may be because of failure to recognize and report a precipitating factor such as colonoscopy. As more cases similar to the present case are reported, the number of cryptogenic cases may decrease.

PDF

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3720014/pdf/jidmm24e045.pdf

January 2, 2016 at 5:04 pm

Streptococcus intermedius Bacteremia and Liver Abscess following a Routine Dental Cleaning.

Case Rep Infect Dis. 2014;2014:954046.                            

Livingston LV1, Perez-Colon E1.

Author information

1Department of Internal Medicine, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, 17 Davis Boulevard, Suite 308, Tampa, FL 33606, USA.

Abstract

Streptococcus intermedius is a member of the Streptococcus anginosus group of bacteria. This group is part of the normal flora of the oropharynx, genitourinary, and gastrointestinal tracts; however, they have been known to cause a variety of purulent infections including meningitis, endocarditis, and abscesses, even in immunocompetent hosts. In particular, S. intermedius has been associated with the development of liver and brain abscesses. There have been several case reports of S. intermedius liver abscesses with active periodontal infection. To our knowledge, however, there has not been a case following a routine dental procedure. In fact, the development of liver abscesses secondary to dental procedures is very rare in general, and there are only a few case reports in the literature describing this in relation to any pathogen. We present a rare case of S. intermedius bacteremia and liver abscess following a dental cleaning. This case serves to further emphasize that even routine dental procedures can place a patient at risk of the development of bacteremia and liver abscesses. For this reason, the clinician must be sure to perform a detailed history and careful examination. Timely diagnosis of pyogenic liver abscesses is vital, as they are typically fatal if left untreated.

PDF

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4147201/pdf/CRIID2014-954046.pdf

January 2, 2016 at 5:02 pm

Modern management of pyogenic hepatic abscess: a case series and review of the literature.

BMC Res Notes. 2011 Mar 24;4:80.

Heneghan HM, Healy NA, Martin ST, Ryan RS, Nolan N, Traynor O, Waldron R.

Source

Department of Surgery, Mayo General Hospital, Castlebar, Mayo, Ireland. helenheneghan@hotmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Pyogenic hepatic abscesses are relatively rare, though untreated are uniformly fatal. A recent paradigm shift in the management of liver abscesses, facilitated by advances in diagnostic and interventional radiology, has decreased mortality rates. The aim of this study was to review our experience in managing pyogenic liver abscess, review the literature in this field, and propose guidelines to aid in the current management of this complex disease.

METHODS:

Demographic and clinical details of all patients admitted to a single institution with liver abscess over a 5 year period were reviewed. Clinical presentation, aetiology, diagnostic work-up, treatment, morbidity and mortality data were collated.

RESULTS:

Over a 5 year period 11 patients presented to a single institution with pyogenic hepatic abscess (55% males, mean age 60.3 years). Common clinical features at presentation were non-specific constitutional symptoms and signs. Aetiology was predominantly gallstones (45%) or diverticular disease (27%). In addition to empiric antimicrobial therapy, all patients underwent radiologically guided percutaneous drainage of the liver abscess at diagnosis and only 2 patients required surgical intervention, including one 16-year old female who underwent hemi-hepatectomy for a complex and rare Actinomycotic abscess. There were no mortalities after minimum follow-up of one year.

CONCLUSIONS:

Pyogenic liver abscesses are uncommon, and mortality has decreased over the last two decades. Antimicrobial therapy and radiological intervention form the mainstay of modern treatment. Surgical intervention should be considered for patients with large, complex, septated or multiple abscesses, underlying disease or in whom percutaneous drainage has failed.

PDF

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3073909/pdf/1756-0500-4-80.pdf

December 26, 2013 at 1:30 pm

A 10-year retrospective analysis of clinical profiles, laboratory characteristics and management of pyogenic liver abscesses in a chinese hospital.

Gut Liver. 2011 Jun;5(2):221-7.

Zhu X, Wang S, Jacob R, Fan Z, Zhang F, Ji G.

Source

Institute of Digestive Endoscopy and Medical Center for Digestive Diseases, Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) is a serious, life threatening condition with a high mortality rate that represents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. The aim of this study was to collect demographic data and clinical, laboratory and microbiological characteristics of PLA patients treated between 2000 and 2010. We also aimed to collect information regarding our management experience of these cases.

METHODS:

As a retrospective review, 47 patients with PLA in a tertiary referral center were examined to determine their demographic characteristics, clinical features, and laboratory, imaging, and microbiologic findings as well as the treatment outcome.

RESULTS:

Cryptogenic PLA was the most frequently identified type of PLA, while benign biliary tract disease was the most frequently identifiable cause of PLA (18/47 patients; 38.3%). Leukocytosis and elevated alanine transaminase were common laboratory findings and were observed in 35 (74.5%) and 22 (46.8%) patients, respectively. Increased fibrinogen was also detected in 11 of 15 investigated cases (73.3%). Notably, infection-induced thrombocytopenia occurred in 8 patients (17%). Diabetes mellitus was associated with the occurrence of infection induced shock when compared to the non-diabetic group (p<0.05). Patients with two or more comorbid diseases had longer hospitalizations when compared to patients with one comorbid disease or those without comorbidities (p<0.001). The number of days needed to establish diagnosis was correlated with the length of hospitalization (p<0.001). The overall hospital mortality rate was 2.1% (1/47).

CONCLUSIONS:

Characteristics of PLA patients from the past 10 years are presented. The number of days needed to establish a PLA diagnosis was correlated with the length of the hospital stay. The hospital stay of PLA patients can be further improved by early diagnosis and effective treatments during the early stages of PLA progression.

PDF

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3140670/pdf/gnl-5-221.pdf

December 23, 2013 at 11:20 am

A middle-aged lady with a pyogenic liver abscess caused by Clostridium perfringens.

World J Hepatol. 2012 Aug 27;4(8):252-5.

Law ST, Lee MK.

Source

Siu-Tong Law, Ming Kai Lee, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine and Geriatrics, Tuen Mun Hospital, Tuen Mun, Hong Kong, China.

Abstract

The pyogenic liver abscess caused by Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens) is a rare, but rapidly fatal infection. It is usually associated with malignancy and immunosuppression. We report the case of 50-year-old lady with the secondary liver metastases from rectal cancer presented with fever and epigastric pain. The identification of Gram-positive bacilli septicaemia, the presence of gas-forming liver abscess and massive intravascular hemolysis should lead to the suspicion of C. perfringens infection. Here we review twenty cases published since 1990 and their clinical features are discussed. The importance of “an aggressive treatment policy” with multidisciplinary team approach is emphasized.

PDF

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3443708/pdf/WJH-4-252.pdf

December 2, 2013 at 8:48 am

A prospective series case study of pyogenic liver abscess: recent trands in etiology and management.

Indian J Surg. 2012 Oct;74(5):385-90.

Mangukiya DO, Darshan JR, Kanani VK, Gupta ST.

Source

Department of Surgery, Surat Municipal Institute of Medical Education & Research, Surat, Gujarat India ; SMIMER Hospital, N/R Sahara Darwaja, Opp. Bombay Market, Umarwada, Surat, 395010 Gujarat India.

Abstract

Our study aims to review the literature on the management of pyogenic liver abscess, focusing on the choice of drainage. A case series of our experience with clinicopathological correlation is presented to highlight the indication and outcome of each modality of drainage. Intravenous antibiotic is the first line, and mainstay, of treatment. Drainage is necessary for large abscesses, equal to or larger than 5 cm in size, to facilitate resolution. While percutaneous drainage is appropriate as first-line surgical treatment in most cases, open surgical drainage is prudent in cases of rupture, multiloculation, associated biliary, or intra-abdominal pathology. Percutaneous drainage may help to optimize clinical condition prior to surgery. Nevertheless, in current good clinical practices, the choice of therapy needs to be individualized according to patient’s clinical status and abscess factors. They are complementary in the management of liver abscesses.

PDF

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3477416/pdf/12262_2011_Article_397.pdf

November 26, 2013 at 2:53 pm

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