Posts filed under ‘Zoonosis’

Avian Influenza A(H7N2) Virus in Human Exposed to Sick Cats, New York, USA, 2016

Emerging Infectious Diseases December 2017 V.23 N.12

Atanaska Marinova-Petkova, Jen Laplante, Yunho Jang, Brian Lynch, Natosha Zanders, Marisela Rodriguez, Joyce Jones, Sharmi Thor, Erin Hodges, Juan A. De La Cruz, Jessica Belser, Hua Yang, Paul Carney, Bo Shu, LaShondra Berman, Thomas Stark, John Barnes, Fiona Havers, Patrick Yang, Susan C. Trock, Alicia Fry, Larisa Gubareva, Joseph S. Bresee, James Stevens, Demetre Daskalakis, Dakai Liu, Christopher Lee, Mia Kim Torchetti, Sandra Newbury, Francine Cigel, Kathy Toohey-Kurth, Kirsten St. George, David E. Wentworth, Stephen Lindstrom, and C. Todd Davis

Author affiliations:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (A. Marinova-Petkova, Y. Jang, B. Lynch, N. Zanders, M. Rodriguez, J. Jones, S. Thor, E. Hodges, J.A. De La Cruz, J. Belser, H. Yang, P. Carney, B. Shu, L. Berman, T. Stark, J. Barnes, F. Havers, P. Yang, S.C. Trock, A. Fry, L. Gubareva, J.S. Bresee, J. Stevens, D.E. Wentworth, S. Lindstrom, C.T. Davis); New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York, USA (J. Laplante, K. St. George); New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Long Island City, New York, USA (D. Daskalakis, D. Liu, C.T. Lee); US Department of Agriculture, Ames, Iowa, USA (M.K. Torchetti); University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA (S. Newbury, F. Cigel, K. Toohey-Kurth)

An outbreak of influenza A(H7N2) virus in cats in a shelter in New York, NY, USA, resulted in zoonotic transmission. Virus isolated from the infected human was closely related to virus isolated from a cat; both were related to low pathogenicity avian influenza A(H7N2) viruses detected in the United States during the early 2000s.

PDF

https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/23/12/pdfs/17-0798.pdf

 

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December 4, 2017 at 8:14 am

Characterization of Streptococcus pyogenes from Animal Clinical Specimens, Spain

Emerging Infectious Diseases December 2017 V.23 N.12 P.2011-2016

Research

Streptococcus pyogenes appears to be almost exclusively restricted to humans, with few reports on isolation from animals.

We provide a detailed characterization (emm typing, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis [PFGE], and multilocus sequence typing [MLST]) of 15 S. pyogenes isolates from animals associated with different clinical backgrounds.

We also investigated erythromycin resistance mechanisms and phenotypes and virulence genes.

We observed 2 emm types: emm12 (11 isolates) and emm77 (4 isolates).

Similarly, we observed 2 genetic linages, sequence type (ST) 26 and ST63. Most isolates exhibited the M macrolide resistance phenotype and the mefA/ermB genotype.

Isolates were grouped into 2 clones on the basis of emm-MLST-PFGE-virulence gene profile combinations: clone 1, characterized by the combined genotype emm12-ST36-pulsotype A-speG; and clone 2, characterized by the genotype emm77-ST63-pulsotype B-speC.

Our results do not show conclusively that animals may represent a new reservoir of S. pyogenes but indicate the ability of human-derived S. pyogenes isolates to colonize and infect animals.

PDF

https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/23/12/pdfs/15-1146.pdf

November 19, 2017 at 1:00 pm

LEPTOSPIROSIS – Guia para el Equipo de Salud – Ministerio Salud de la Nación Argentina

LEPTOSPIROSIS 

Guia para el Equipo de Salud – Ministerio Salud de la Nación Argentina

Abril 2014

  1. Introducción
  2. Manifestaciones clínicas
  3. ¿Cuándo sospechar leptospirosis?
  4. ¿Cómo confirmar leptospirosis?
  5. ¿Cómo notificar el caso de leptospirosis?
  6. ¿Cómo se trata el paciente con leptospirosis?
  7. Flujograma de manejo de casos sospechosos de leptospirosis
  8. Diagnóstico diferencial
  9. ¿Qué hacer si se confirma?
  10. ¿Cómo se tratan los casos caninos de leptospirosis?
  11. Prevención de la leptospirosis en la familia y la comunidad

PDF

http://www.msal.gob.ar/images/stories/bes/graficos/0000000489cnt-guia-medica-leptospirosis.pdf

November 18, 2017 at 10:05 am

LEPTOSPIROSIS – Puesta al día

Revista Chilena de Infectología Junio 2007 V.24 N.3 P.220-226

Zunino, P. Pizarro

We review epidemiological, clinical, laboratory and therapeutic aspects of leptospirosis. In relation to the epidemiology it is worth noting the importance of recreational and occupational risk factors, as well as the lack of date available in Chile before the year 2000, when leptospirosis became the object of epidemiological surveillance. There are many forms of clinical presentations for this disease and often signs and symptoms may be nonspecific. Thus, differential diagnosis must include many clinical entities. Laboratory diagnosis, on the other hand, is complex and not widely available. Although still controversial, a literature review supports antimicrobial treatment, with different antibiotics to choose from.

PDF

http://www.scielo.cl/pdf/rci/v24n3/art08.pdf

November 18, 2017 at 10:04 am

Leptospirosis

Clinical Microbiology Reviews April 2001 V.14 N.2 P.296-326

REVIEW

Paul N. Levett

University of the West Indies, School of Clinical Medicine & Research, and Leptospira Laboratory, Ministry of Health, Barbados

Leptospirosis is a worldwide zoonotic infection with a much greater incidence in tropical regions and has now been identified as one of the emerging infectious diseases. The epidemiology of leptospirosis has been modified by changes in animal husbandry, climate, and human behavior. Resurgent interest in leptospirosis has resulted from large outbreaks that have received significant publicity. The development of simpler, rapid assays for diagnosis has been based largely on the recognition that early initiation of antibiotic therapy is important in acute disease but also on the need for assays which can be used more widely. In this review, the complex taxonomy of leptospires, previously based on serology and recently modified by a genotypic classification, is discussed, and the clinical and epidemiological value of molecular diagnosis and typing is also evaluated.

abstract

http://cmr.asm.org/content/14/2/296.abstract

PDF

http://cmr.asm.org/content/14/2/296.full.pdf+html

November 18, 2017 at 10:02 am

Leptospirosis. Puesta al día

Revista Chilena de Infectologia Junio 2007 V.24 N.3 P.220-226

Enna Zunino M. y Rolando Pizarro P.

Hospital Dr. Lucio Córdova Santiago, Chile

Se revisan los aspectos clínicos, diagnóstico de laboratorio y alternativas terapéuticas para la leptospirosis. Destaca en la epidemiología el riesgo ocupa-cional y laboral y la falta de datos, por no haber constituido en Chile tema de vigilancia epidemiológica hasta el año 2000.

Los datos clínicos evidencian una notable heterogeneidad de manifestaciones, muchas veces inespecíficas. La complejidad del diagnóstico diferencial que plantea hace necesario incluirlo en el análisis causal de múltiples situaciones clínicas.

El diagnóstico de laboratorio es aún complejo y poco accesible. Aunque es todavía controvertido, el análisis de la literatura apoya el beneficio del tratamiento antimicrobiano con varias alternativas de elección.

PDF

http://www.scielo.cl/pdf/rci/v24n3/art08.pdf

October 31, 2017 at 8:22 am

Leptospirosis

Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas La Plata Octubre 2006 V.1 N.3 P.30-36

Dres. H Caino, F Curcio y G Siquiroff

PDF
http://revista.med.unlp.edu.ar/archivos/200610/4%20CURCIO%20-%20Leptospirosis.pdf

October 31, 2017 at 8:20 am

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